A national passport is an official government document issued to nationals of the issuing country, which confirms the identity and nationality or citizenship of the holder and grants permission to travel abroad.
- normal passport: standard passport issued to nationals of the issuing country. Also commonly referred to as ordinary passport or tourist passport.
- passport for public affairs: standard passport containing the remark “public affairs”, issued to staff of government offices or state owned companies.
- government duty passports include:
1) diplomatic or consular passports: issued to diplomatic, consular, other government officials on mission and their family members and domestic staff;
2) official, service or special passports: issued to government officials or other persons on government missions or representing their country in another capacity. Official passports with “Passeport de Service” also stated on the cover are considered as officials passports.Nationality can be established under “nationality” or “national status” on the personal data page. Some countries (e.g. Argentina, Uruguay) issue passports to other nationalities. In such cases, nationality is based on the nationality states on the personal data page, not on the country that has issued the passport.
Dual citizenship: a person may be a national or citizen of more than one country and therefore hold travel documents issued by more than one country. Such passengers are entitled to travel on any of the documents, provided they are accepted by the country of destination. It is expected that the person arrives and departs on the same document, with the visa requirement dependent on the passport used.
Passport Exemptions (passport replacing documents):
1) Emergency passports and temporary passports. These are issued in cases where urgent travel is required or to replace lost or stolen passports. They have a limited validity period and in some cases may be only valid for one journey. Not all countries issues or accept Emergency and/or Temporary passport.
2) National ID cards
3) Certificate of Identity and Document of Identity issued to nationals.
4) Residence documents. In some cases, residence documents can be used as a travel document.
5) Seaman Books.
6) Travel documents issued by organizations such as International Red Cross, Interpol and United Nations.
7) Travel documents issued to refugees and stateless persons. Aliens passport, Certificate of Identity and Document of Identity, Laissez-Passer, Titre de Voyage.
All travel documents should be in good condition. Damaged travel documents that appear to have been unofficially altered in any way may be considered invalid.
In principle, passports and other travel documents require a signature of the holder to eb considered as a valid travel document. However, there may be instances where a signature is not required. Based on national law of the issuing country, which may permit other forms of identification, such as fingerprint or contain a remark stating a signature of the holder is not required.